KATHMANDU, Nepal- As the country is marking the 26th annual World AIDS Day on Sunday; stakeholders here in Kathmandu have opined that the intervention programmes have helped Nepal cut down the number of HIV infections in the latest days.
With the government operating various attempts focusing on behavioral change and programmes in which drug users can receive new syringes for their old ones, Nepal made a positive step ahead to lessen the number of HIV infections, according to them.
Dr Naresh Pratap KC, Director at the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) opined the 15-49 age group population is prone to HIV and the shrink in prevalence in this particular group would mean Nepali is continuously making progress in terms of reducing prevalence rate.
Official at the Ministry of Health and Population said the programmes introduced by the Ministry and other organizations aiming specific group like female sex workers and migrant workers are gradually gaining success.
Satish Raj Pandey, deputy director at the Family Health International said intervention programmes have been quite effective in the case of sex workers. However, some experts have of the opinions that intervention programmes are not the sole factor to reduce infections as all the people representing from different walks of life in the grass root levels should be well aware about the disease.
In its global report this year, the UNAIDs stated that Nepal is one among the 26 countries where new HIV infections went down more than 50 percent between 2001 and 2012. Other countries that seen similar trend are Combodia, India, Myanmar and Thailand.
Daily deaths caused by the disease are 4,400 across the globe.
The first HIV infection was detected in 1988 in Nepal and a new study carried out by the National AIDS and Venereal Disease Control Center in 2012 revealed that there are 48,600 people surviving with HIV infection in Nepal. Among these, the people from 15-49 years are 0.28 percent.
Similarly, the number of children surviving with HIV infection is 4,000, according to the Center.