The Bardiya National Park (BNP) has the highest number of prey for tigers than any other protected zone in the country, according to a report ´Status of Tiger and Prey in Nepal.´
The BNP, which spreads an area of 968 square kilometers covering three districts in the mid-western lowlands, has a prey density of 92.6 animals per square kilometer – higher than in any other conserved area.
The report was prepared by the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Reserve (DNPWC) in collaboration with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Nepal and the National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC).
BNP houses as many as 11 prey species, with sighting of 332 chittals (Axis axis). Langurs, sambars, wild boars and barking deer were also spotted in significant numbers.
The BNP is followed by Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve (SWR), which is believed to have a prey density of 78.62 animals per square kilometer while Chitwan National Park (CNP), the oldest National Park in the country has a prey base density of 73.63 animals per square kilometer.
The CNP, which spread an area of 932 square kilometers, houses as many as 120 tigers.
The report shows that Parsa Wildlife Reserve (PWR) and Banke National Park (BaNP) have lowest prey base densities. While the PWR has just 25.33 animals per square kilometer, the BaNP has 10.27 animals per square kilometer.
Officials at the Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation said that credit to significant increase in the tiger population and prey base density goes to conservation attempts government and non-government organization.